stylistic origins: R&B, Swing Jazz, Blues, Rock & Roll
cultural origins: Late 1940s Cleveland, Detroit, New York City, Philadelphia
sub-genres: 168
artists listed: 26,710
albums: 108,099
tracks: 1,576,971
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Rock

stylistic origins: R&B, Swing Jazz, Blues, Rock & Roll
cultural origins: Late 1940s Cleveland, Detroit, New York City, Philadelphia

Rock music is a loosely-defined genre of popular music that developed during and after the 1960s. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll and rockabilly, which evolved from blues, country music and other influences. In turn, rock music drew on many other musical influences, including folk music, jazz, and classical music.

The sound of rock often revolves around the electric guitar or acoustic guitar, and it uses a strong back beat laid down by a rhythm section of electric bass guitar, drums, and keyboard instruments such as organ, piano, or, since the 1970s, digital synthesizers. Along with the guitar or keyboards, saxophone and blues-style harmonica are sometimes used as soloing instruments. In its purest form, it has three chords, a strong, insistent back beat, and a catchy melody.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, rock music developed different subgenres. When it was blended with folk music it created folk rock, with blues to create blues-rock and with jazz, to create jazz-rock fusion. In the 1970s, rock incorporated influences from soul, funk, and Latin music. Also in the 1970s, rock developed a number of subgenres, such as soft rock, glam rock, heavy metal, hard rock, progressive rock, and punk rock. Rock subgenres that emerged in the 1980s included new wave, hardcore punk and alternative rock. In the 1990s, rock subgenres included grunge, Britpop, indie rock, and nu-metal.

This description is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses materials from the Wikipedia article "Rock music".

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