stylistic origins: Rock and Roll, Rockabilly, Garage Rock, Frat Rock, Psychedelic Rock, Pub Rock, Glam Rock
cultural origins: Mid 1970s United States, United Kingdom and Australia
sub-genres: 23
artists listed: 4,253
albums: 14,811
tracks: 225,278
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Punk/New Wave

stylistic origins: Rock and Roll, Rockabilly, Garage Rock, Frat Rock, Psychedelic Rock, Pub Rock, Glam Rock
cultural origins: Mid 1970s United States, United Kingdom and Australia

Punk rock (often referred to simply as punk) is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in garage rock and other forms of what is now known as proto-punk music, punk rock bands eschewed the perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock. They created fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation and often political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic, with many bands self-producing their recordings and distributing them through informal channels.

By late 1976, bands such as The Ramones in New York City, and The Sex Pistols and The Clash in London, were recognised as the vanguard of a new musical movement. The following year saw punk rock spreading around the world. Punk quickly, though briefly, became a major cultural phenomenon in the United Kingdom. For the most part, punk took root in local scenes that tended to reject association with the mainstream. An associated punk subculture emerged, expressing youthful rebellion and characterised by distinctive clothing styles and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.

By the beginning of the 1980s, even faster and more aggressive styles such as hardcore and Oi! had become the predominant mode of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk also pursued a broad range of other variations, giving rise to post-punk and the alternative rock movement. By the turn of the century, pop punk had been adopted by the mainstream, with bands such as Green Day and Blink-182 bringing the genre widespread popularity.

This description is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses materials from the Wikipedia article "Punk rock" and "New Wave music".

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